Step 1: Lesson Introduction (1 minute)
Introduce the lesson “Asking and Giving Directions” and what to expect from the lesson.
Step 2: Observations (10 minutes)
Before students begin to practice this function, it’s important to observe how it’s all done. This section will go over videos and role plays where students can observe natural speech. As they observe, have them take notes on what they notice.
Start the lesson off by watching these 2 videos.
Next, distribute a handout of sample dialogues
. Dialogues are acted out in front of the class, 2 students at a time while at the same time students can follow them at their desks following the conversations and noticing the language.
Step 3: Observation Discussion (15 minutes)
Engage students in a class discussion on what they noticed from all the observations. Important things to note are: courtesy, appreciation, body language, clarification methods, negotiation for meaning confirmation, direction confirmation. When this is finished, students discuss the tips/guides to asking for / giving directions.
As students have observed, there are many variations to performing this function. They can choose any way they prefer to give directions and if they do not understand given directions, they can practice asking for clarification.
Step 4: Role Plays (24 minutes)
Students are divided up into groups of 4 members. Students will work in pairs (Group A & B) so they can help each other out if needed. Group A gets this map and Group B gets this map. Teams will take turns asking each other for different locations (indicated on their individual maps) and as they find a location they will mark it on the map and then get the next set of directions from that new reference point.
(Optional if there is time)
Practice this activity in front of the class to simulate having multiple eyes on you while asking for directions. (this happens!!)
Students will be assigned a writing/drawing assignment. They will draw a map for me from their home to the community center (or to their job) listing out the important streets / locations. They will then write up step by step instructions for how to get from their home to the center. (Connecting the instructions by using words such as:
First…. / Next…. / Then… / Soon… / After that… / From here… / It’s….. )